Los Angeles is the most important city in California, surpassing San Francisco. It is a huge city, the second-largest in the United States. It has more than 17,000,000 inhabitants. They live mainly in the aeronautical industry, the cinema, and tourism.
Discover the history of Los Angeles and how it became one of the most important cities in the United States.
Before the arrival of the Spaniards, the Los Angeles area was inhabited by many Indian tribes. Juan Rodríguez was the first Spaniard to arrive in the area. On October 6, 1542, he claimed the territory for the Crown of Castile.
In August 1771, the Franciscan fray Junípero Serra ordained the Mission of San Gabriel Arcángel. Established in the metropolitan area of present-day Los Angeles. 10 years later, Governor Felipe de Neve inaugurated the first Spanish colony. He came with a handful of Spaniards, Indians, and slaves. He named this colonized territory the "People of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels of Porciúncula"
Los Angeles was a Spanish city until 1821. It was the year of Mexico's independence from the Spanish Crown. California then came under the control of the newly-created Mexican nation. It was in 1839 that the history of Los Angeles took a real turn when the city became the capital of California.
In 1846, the American John C. Fremont wrested Los Angeles from the hands of the Mexicans. Two years later, Alta California was handed over to the United States. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the war between Mexico and the United States in 1848.
In 1848, James W. Marshall discovered gold in the Coloma Valley. This led to the "Gold Rush" phenomenon in California. Los Angeles benefited from this for its economic development. By 1850, Los Angeles had grown from a village to a city.
In 1876, the Southern Pacific train arrived in Los Angeles, followed in 1885 by the Santa Fe. This accelerated the city's growth. Especially when adding to the resources generated by the orange crop. In 1890, the first oil well opened in California.
The rapid population growth of the city of Los Angeles led to problems of access to water. To improve the situation, the City of LA began the construction of an aqueduct on the Owens River. It was in the fall of 1908 and gave rise to the "Water Wars" in California.
Despite the controversy, the aqueduct opened in November 1913. In the 1960s, a second aqueduct came to life across from a new water supply. From 1920, Hollywood and many film productions made Los Angeles the Mecca of world cinema.
During World War II, Los Angeles became the center of the American aviation industry. In 1932 and 1984, the city hosted the Olympic Games.
Los Angeles is one of the most ethnically diverse cities in the United States. It has alsmade it the center of racial conflict in the country. In the 1960s and 1970s, it was the site of many anti-racial demonstrations.